(L-R seated) Tina Roco Corona, Economist Butch Valdes, Broadcaster/Writer Rita Gadi, Princess Lady Ann, Eduardo Bondad, Merlyn Posadas, Ramon Ike Señeres, Rick D. Fulgencio IV, Juan Roberto Abling, Dr. Fernando Melendres, Eduardo S. Madrid (Standing) Retired Marine Col. Herbert Escalera  Not in photo: Don Ramon Pedrosa, Atty. GB and Atty. FM.

Dreams become reality! This is the message of the former Department of Education Undersecretary Antonio Valdes when the national political party KATIPUNAN NG DEMOKRATIKONG PILIPINO (KDP) was revitalized by chosen respected personalities from different fields of our society.

The first organizational meeting held last April 30, 2018 has a remarkable importance to the country in the succeeding activities of KDP.

Composed of strong personalities from education, business, judiciary, military, media, and doctors, Philippines has now hope towards the new renaissance.

KDP as a national political party is the political arm of the Citizen National Guard producing principled and good leaders for the country and population. Said party carries the vision and mission of the Citizen National Guard and Save the Nation Movement.

The Citizen National Guard will protect the sovereignty of the country, the population and support the duly elected President. Meanwhile, the Save the Nation Movement has it’s 3 Urgent Steps for the Survival of the Country: (1) Science driven and infrastructure based massive food production, (2) Revival of Bataan Nuclear Power Plant, and (3) Foreign Debt Moratorium.#



DAR distributes land titles to 262 Negros Oriental farmers


photo 1
Undersecretary Karlo S. Bello congratulates a farmer-beneficiary while handing over her CLOA. Looking on is DAR Regional Director Alejandro Otacan.

The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) in Negros Oriental distributed certificates of land ownership award (CLOAs) to 262 agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs) in Mabinay, Negros Oriental.


The new landowners cheered and were thankful as they received their CLOAs “as proof of ownership” during a distribution ceremony on Thursday, April 5 held in Mabinay Spring.


The distributed landholdings involved 35 private agricultural lands with a total area of 388.78 hectares covered under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP).


The lands are located in 15 barangays namely: Abis, Bugnay, Banban, Pantao, Campanun-an, Himocdongon, Manlingay, Pantao, Mayapusi, Luyang, Hagtu, Old Namangka, Lumbangan,Tara and Inapoy in Mabinay town.


Farmer-beneficiaries Benedicto Redulla and Romulo Delubio of Barangay Lumbangan who used to till the land formerly owned by Romulo Tirambulo said they are thankful to President Rodrigo Roa Duterte and the DAR.


“I now have something to leave my children with when I die,” farmer Redulla said.


Another farmer-beneficiary, Norberto Cabalin, of Barangay Manlingay, said that he is grateful for DAR’s program and for giving his family the opportunity to farm the 1.5-hectare land as his own now.


“This [land] will greatly help us in elevating our standard of living, especially for our children,” he added.


DAR Undersecretary for Field Operations Karlo S. Bello led the land title distribution together with DAR-7 Regional Director Alejandro Otacan, Assistant Regional Directors Engr. Eliasem Castillo and Atty. Josephus Baterna, Provincial Agrarian Reform Program Officer Atty. Louie Naranjo and Mabinay Mayor Ernie “Jango” Uy.


Bello said the department is working hard to give CLOAs to farmers who have tilled the land for years.


“Since there are areas where landowners still resist the CARP, they sometimes tend to be fierce. We have coordinated with the Philippine National Police to continue to give farmers and DAR personnel assistance in dealing with resistant landowners,” Bello added.


In his message, Regional Director Otacan inspired the farmers by telling them that they have now the chance to prosper like every other Filipino and reminded them to give life to the land which gives life to everyone.


Assistant Regional Director Baterna, on the other hand, told the farmers that the title is now a proof of their ownership and emphasized that knowing their rights and obligations will give life to those land titles.


Assistant Regional Director Castillo also noticed that not one person there was frowning and meant that everyone is happy to receive a title.


PARPO Naranjo discussed the rights and obligations of a farmer-beneficiary and ensured them the support services delivery of DAR together with the partnership with other line agencies and the local government unit to make their lands more productive.


Mayor Uy also expressed hopes that with the solution that DAR has introduced, it will help the municipality of Mabinay in increasing their local revenues and on their collection of land taxes.


Other officials present during land distribution ceremony were PARPO I Sherwin Tubog, Mabinay PNP Chief of Police, Police Senior Inspector Felicisimo Aranas Jr., 2Lt Noredin Manguda of the Philippine Army, OIC Chief Agrarian Reform Program Officer (CARPO) for Land Tenure Improvement Division (LTID) Algerico Navarro, Municipal Agrarian Reform Program Officers Elizabeth Meneses and Eliseo Salvo, Municipal Councilor Elan Cadayday, Municipal Assessor Bernadeth Guanzon, Municipal Treasurer Elvira Torres, and barangay captains from Campanun-an, Mayapusi,Tara, Himocdongon, and Abis. (Rosanna Gay Visitacion, Regional Information Officer)

DAR distributes land titles to 262 Negros Oriental farmers
DAR officials pose with the 265 farmer-beneficiaries.


DAR trains farmers to become entrepreneurs

Provincial Agrarian Reform Officer Elvira B. Bation and Municipal Agrarian Reform Program Officer Gersyval Vestal sign the memorandum of agreement with the barangay officials of Carmen, Toledo City headed by Punong Barangay Miguel Bastillas Ipis held at the CAFA Training Center.

CEBU CITY—The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) in Cebu recently launched a Farm Business School (FBS) program in Carmen, Toledo City and Colonia, Tuburan to help farmers build knowledge and skills on agricultural business to make their farms more profitable.


This project came about after the DAR, with the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), Department of Agriculture (DA), DA-Agricultural Training Institute (DA-ATI), and the local government units (LGUs) signed a memorandum of agreement to help farmer-beneficiaries from the said areas.


Provincial Agrarian Reform Program Officer Elvira B. Bation said the soon-to-be “farm-entrepreneurs” will undergo 25 sessions of farm business school for four months where they will learn the business side of agriculture using their own local environment as the FBS program takes the school to the farmers.


“The learning process will be interactive as the farmers will learn from each other. The facilitators will be there to teach and develop their capacity in running a profitable farm business by honing the farmers into becoming better farm managers and entrepreneurs that can respond to business and market requirements,” added Bation.


The beneficiaries of the FBS are members of the Carmen Farmers Association (CAFA), of Toledo City, and the Panaghugpong sa Molupyo sa Colonia (PAMOCO) of Tuburan.


The farm business school is established by the DAR, DA-ATI and the LGUs of Toledo and Tuburan. (Yuna Kintanar, DAR-Cebu information officer)


(L-R) Colonia Barangay Captain Rodelo Mercado Diamante, Provincial Agrarian Reform Coordinating Committee Representative & PAMOCO Member Gildegardo Dela Rama, MPDO of Tuburan Ma. Jasmine P. Sombelon, PARPO Elvira B. Bation, and CARPO of Regional Support Services Division Ferdinand Yu during the signing of the memorandum of agreement held at the covered court of Colonia, Tuburan, Cebu.

DAR hands over P1.5 M post-harvest facilities to farmer groups in North Cotabato

Libungan, North Cotabato – Five farmer organizations in Libungan town recently received corn post-harvest facilities with a combined value of P1,590,000 through the Mindanao Sustainable Agrarian and Agriculture Development Project (MinSAAD), a foreign-assisted project under the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR).


Eduardo Suaybaguio, MinSAAD Project Manager, identified the five Peoples’ Organizations (POs) as Palao Farmers’ Association, Kitubod Farmers’ Association, Kiloyao MRDP-CFAD Consortium, Cabpangi MRDP-CFAD Consortium, and Sinapangan Farmers’ Association.


Each of the four farmer groups received one unit corn sheller amounting to P120,000 while the Palao Farmers’ Association, as the lead PO, received the one unit corn mill, one unit corn sheller, one unit weighing scale, and one unit moisture tester with a combined amount of P1,110, 000 million under the corn production, processing, and marketing sub-project of DAR-MinSAAD.


“The provision of these facilities will surely help more than 250 corn farmers toiling more or less 2,030 hectares. Aside, from these facilities, DAR-MinSAAD also ensures that recipients are consciously and organizationally prepared to accept, implement and sustain the projects given to them,” Suaybaguio said.


In his message, Suaybaguio reiterated that DAR-MinSAAD has extended the best way to capacitate the recipient organizations to be critically aware and meticulous in accepting the equipment that adheres to the specifications of the project.


He further said, “POs should manage the project well to generate more income and to buy additional units of corn shellers and other equipment to cater more farmers in their respective areas and adjacent barangays.”


Strengthening of Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries (ARBs) is among the priorities of the administration of President Rodrigo Roa Duterte.


President Duterte recognized the role farmers on food security, thus, the government, especially the DAR, will not only focus on emancipating them from the bondage of tenancy but also provide them with support programs and services.


Christopher Cuan, Libungan Municipal Mayor is thankful to DAR for choosing their municipality as a partner in the implementation of the MinSAAD project.


“Finally, the project has been realized and I appreciated those who extended their efforts in making this project a reality for our farmers. This project is a big help to the farmers and to the whole community who depend on their living on corn farming,” Cuan said.


Mayor Cuan reminded the POs to be responsible for managing the projects given by DAR-MinSAAD and other government agencies because these projects come from the government to alleviate their lives from poverty.


He also assured DAR that the local government unit of Libungan is also working its best to implement projects that support and corresponds to the need of the community such as farm to market road to provide better and greater accessibility especially in the delivery of agricultural services and ecotourism.


Meanwhile, after receiving the turn-over certificate, Pedro Bayog of Palao FA expressed his gratitude to DAR-MinSAAD and LGU Libungan for the assistance in the form of corn post-harvest facilities.


“In behalf of the recipients’ POs, we commit to manage and sustain the project to the best that we can. We will try hard to make these facilities as instruments to improve our lives and the community,” Bayog said.


The recently turned-over project was part of the Php4.7 million corn post-harvest facilities under the corn production, processing and marketing sub-project of the DAR-MinSAAD project for five peoples’ organization in Libungan, North Cotabato. [Rodel D. Orejudos]

DAR turns over climate change projects and common service facilities to farmers in Cordillera

TABUK CITY – A total of 5.1 million worth of farm machineries were turned over to Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries Organizations (ARBOs) at the Provincial Gymnasium in Tabuk City last April 12.


A one unit 4-W 90 HP Tractor worth P2.349 million was handed over to Danggayan ti Manalon ti Pinococ and to the Bago Farmers’ Association, ARBOs that are based in Pinukpuk, Kalinga.


Another farm machinery, one unit Kubota 35 HP Tractor that cost P1.144 million was given to Macutay-Sadiri Credit Cooperative.


The tractors were funded from the Climate Resiliency Farm Productivity Support Project (CRFPSP).


Members of the Kajchilan Multi-purpose Cooperative in Balbalan, Kalinga, also received the Common Service Facilities that include a Mechanical Dryer, Coffee Pulper, and sets of Coffee Grinders.


At least three mechanical dryers, seven Coffee pulpers and two sets of coffee grinders were distributed in the province with a total cost of P1 million.


Simultaneously launched during the distribution of farm implements was the turn-over of the P19.350 million worth of support services projects for implementation in the six provinces of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) for this year.


The Linksfarm project costing to P1.2M each will also be implemented in seven sites in the region: two in Kalinga, one in Apayao, one in Ifugao, one in Benguet, and two in Mt. Province.


Another project, the Sugar Block Farming costing P800,000 each will also be implemented in three sites in Kalinga and one in Abra.


The third project that was launched, the Partnership Against Hunger and Poverty, with a budget of P450,000 each will also be implemented in 22 sites in the region.


The sites will include four areas in Benguet, two in Ifugao, seven in Kalinga, and two in Mt. Province.


LinksFarm is programmed to link the products of farmers to the market under the concept that sugar block farming projects would assist the farmers to improve their sugarcane variety that in the process will yield upgraded quality and higher production, that would ultimately help solve the sugar crisis.




The Partnership Against Hunger and Poverty, on the other hand, is seen to help solve cases of malnutrition among the children in rural communities while at the same time to provide a regular outlet for farmers. ###

White spot syndrome –cause of shrimp industry degeneration, finally cured


Shrimp is one of the favorite dishes usually served in Filipino feasts. Shrimp industry is one of the highest grossing industry when it comes to fishery due to its high demand around the world. However, nowadays, shrimp supply is degenerating compared in the last decades.

In the recent study of Mary Beth B. Maningas, Associate Professor of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Lab in Research Center for the Natural and Applied Sciences, there are three kinds of disease found in shrimp which cause death in a span of two weeks up to one month.

Based on her study, it is found out that the shrimp supply degeneration started in 2002 but the outbreak happened in 1993 in China.

Shrimp Aquaculture Industry Potential

Mary Beth ManingasDr. Maningas said that China, Thailand, and Vietnam are the ‘Top Shrimp Producers’ worldwide including the Philippines in 1990 ranked as 3rd highest shrimp producer reached 90,000 metric tons.

Shrimp industry produces an estimate profit of 25-B in the Philippines, 1.6-T in Asia, and 1.8-T worldwide.

Pathogens of the Shrimp Aquaculture Industry

The supply degeneration in the shrimp industry is due to the diseases found in them categorized as ‘virus’ and ‘bacteria’.

As explained by Dr. Maningas in Tuklasin Natin, the virus cannot thrive and survive without its ‘host’. Virus is non-curable. In fact, when the shrimp is positive of virus in span of 2 to 10 days, the shrimp could die once it was infected of virus.

While the bacteria is ‘curable’ through the administration of antibiotic. However, constant use of the same antibiotic may eventually cause the shrimp to become resistant. In the span of one week to one month, the shrimp could die once it has bacteria.

In Dr. Maningas’ presentation conducted in PCCAARRD, viruses found in shrimp are White Spot Syndrome, Taura Syndrome, Infectious Hypodermal and Haematopoietic Necrosis, and Laem-Singh virus. While bacteria found in shrimp are the Vibrio Harveyi and Vibrio Parahaemolyticus.

These diseases were first found and confirmed in China in 2009, Vietnam in 2010, Malaysia in 2011, Thailand in 2012, Mexico in 2014, and in the Philippines it was proven that have already existed.

Currently, the Research and Development Team of Dr. Maningas found out that in Bataan Site 1 (73%), Bataan Site 2 (27%), Bulacan (31%), Cebu (25%), Bohol (20%), Sarangani (7%), and General Santors (3%) are the provinces in the Philippines where the Shrimp White Spot Syndrome virus is found.

White Spot Syndrome in shrimp has caused the shrimp industry 365,000 metric tons per cropping profit losses.

Shrimp Disease Management and Prevention

Maningas Mary Beth

Dr. Maningas stressed that the only solution of these diseases is close observation and monitoring by the shrimp harvesters and the government. Conduction of disease management and prevention should be done. Unfortunately, nowadays it would be impossible to follow through an intensive shrimp testing as these test are costly because government-operated and accredited diagnostic centers are only few.

The accuracy of the AHPND results is highly related to the mortality of live shrimp to be tested in AHPND Diagnostics Centers and these centers are usually miles away from shrimp harvesters.

Philippine Shrimp Industry Needs



This slideshow requires JavaScript.

In the research and studies done by Dr. Maningas and her team in relation to the Shrimp Industry in the country, it is recommended that the Philippines need the quick, affordable, easy-to-use, and produces accurate results of shrimp testing (AHPND testing).

The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) diagnostic tools were developed in Japan, Thailand, and Taiwan. Before, the intervention of Dr. Maningas’ project, the testing kit usually came from Taiwan and Thailand.

It was in 2011 when diagnostic tools were developed for the White Spot Syndrome virus and in 2014, diagnostic tools for the bacteria.

Result of the Research and Development Study of Shrimp White Spot Syndrome

Through the project “Pathology and Development of Molecular Detection Kit for EMS/AHPND causing bacteria” funded by the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD), the Engineering faculty of University of Sto. Tomas together with the Research and Development team of Dr. Beth Maningas, managed to create the Juan Amplification and the JAmp Detection Kit.

Jamp Alert

The Juan (One) Amplification has the ability to detect whether a shrimp has AHPND. This is a prototype diagnostic kit and heat block using loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). This enables the heat to go up to 90o which stays in 5 minutes and then eventually cools down to 65o.  

This technology is easy to prepare, easy-to-use, and affordable for Php300 per testing and can produce results in just one hour.

LAMP is 10 times more sensitive compare to the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) commonly used in Diagnostic Centers. It also has the capability to detect the AHPND-causing bacteria.

The Juan Amplification and the JAmp Detection Kit costs Php50,000 and can test up-to 50 reactions.

Shrimp harvesters is required to bring 5 to 10 pieces of shrimp samples per hectares for testing in Diagnostic Centers.


Government Intervention

According to the economist and former Department of Education Undersecretary Antonio Valdes, it is vital for the Philippine government to have an efficient agricultural program. An efficient and effective policies and programs in Agro-industrial may dictate whether the country has the ability to feed its growing population without the need for money remittances from OFW and food importation.

Just like the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) of the Department of Science and Technology, which uses science and technologies to address existing and future problems.  PCAARRD contributes to provide solutions in the agriculture sector, they are dedicated to make technologies available to the citizens.

In fact, funding research and development studies and/or projects of different scientists, researchers, professor is part of PCAARRD’s many endeavors. Among them are Dr. Nathaniel C. Bantayan, Professor, Forest Resource Management of Institute of Renewable Natural Resources, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños, who published his study called “GIS-based Inventory and Sustainability Assessment of Rubber and Cacao in Major Production Areas of the Philippines”; Dr. Carlos C. Baylon, DOST-PCAARRD Mussel R & D Program Leader and Professor, University of the Philippines-Visayas in the project “Longline Culture of Mussels”; Dr. Mary Beth B. Maningas, Project Leader, PCAARRD-DOST Pathobiology and Molecular Detection of Acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease Causing Bacteria in the Philippines, Department of Biological Science, University of Sto. Tomas for the Detection Kit for Early Maturity Syndrome in Shrimps. The continued support of PCAARRD ensures the increase of production of farmers and fishermen in the country.

While sometimes, in the process of their research and studies, researchers and scientists found out many loop holes when they are already in the field. As they find policies, practices and implementation in agricultural sector and industries that is needed to change, tweak, or must be corrected. (Cathy Cruz)

Cathy at PCAARRD2