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Montejo wants stronger security set up for PAGASA field instruments

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When weather monitoring instruments are stolen, people especially those living in areas vulnerable to floods and landslides are robbed of a chance to prepare against climate induced disaster. Department of Science and Technology Secretary Mario G. Montejo said the safety of individuals and communities is a responsibility that must be shared by the government, local authorities, and private sectors. That responsibility includes storming the communities with awareness drive down to the village level on the life saving function and importance of weather monitoring instruments in predicting typhoon, rain and flood risks, landslides, and related climate hazards. Montejo expressed alarm over recent reported incident of stolen or missing flood warning sensors attributed to DOST’s weather forecasting arm, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. But the missing copper grounding rod and grounding cable are not flood sensors as reported in media but “lightning arrester”. Those were actually under the care of Japan Radio Company Ltd., a project contractor of Japan International Cooperation Agency. The four missing grounding equipment were attached to bridges in the towns of Bugallon, Sta. Maria, and Bayambang in Pangasinan province, and another in neighboring Tarlac City According to Hilario Esperanza, head of PAGASA’s Agno River Flood Forecasting Section, JICA was supposed to turn over the equipment to the weather agency and inaugurate it in March. While under JRCL’s responsibility, PAGASA’s role over the lost equipment covered supervision of installation and monitoring of field data. “When it involves people’s safety, we can’t leave anything to chance”, Montejo said. “Nature’s wrath affects us all. But to take away anything, any basic device that helps save even a single life diminishes us as people”, he added. Montejo plans to pursue a stronger security arrangement with local authorities in communities that host PAGASA weather monitoring facilities nationwide. This will be done in coordination with the police and military authorities in such areas. He has asked DOST Undersecretary and PAGASA officer-in-charge Graciano P. Yumul, Jr. to review existing safety procedures in all its field weather monitoring facilities. This development comes in the wake of unusually heavy rainfall and massive floods occurring in southern parts of the country that already claimed dozens of casualties, displaced thousands of families, destroyed roads and bridges, swamped farmlands, toppled power and communication lines, and disrupted lives early into what was supposed to be a hopeful new year. Yumul warns that La Niña will peak around March and linger until May. This means more rains and typhoons can be expected to hit the country this year. [S&T Media Service]

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 12, 2011 at 12:00 pm

KAUNA-UNAHANG PAMBANSANG NUTRIGENOMICS SEMINAR ILULUNSAD NG FNRI

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Ang Food and Nutrition Research Institute ng Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) sa pakikiisa ng Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD-DOST) ay magsasagawa ng kauna-unahang Kapulungan ng Pambansang Nutrigenomics sa darating na Enero 19-20 ng taong kasalukuyan.

Ang dalawang araw na pagsasama-sama ng mga paham buhat akademiya, pananaliksik at ‘clinical practice’ kung saan tatalakayin ang pagkakaugnay ng diyeta, sakit at aplikasyon ng ‘nutrigenomics’ na siyang magpapabuti ng kalusugan ng mga Pilipino.

Layunin ng FNRI at PCIEERD na magbigay kaalaman sa kahalagahan ng ‘nutrigenomics’ upang maiwasan ang mga posibleng sakit dulot ng nakaugalian gawain at kainin ng maraming Pilipino.

Matatandaan na ang ahensya ng FNRI ang namumuno sa pag-aaral at pagpapaunlad ng pagkain at nutrisyon sa bansa. Kaya hindi naman tumitigil ang nasabing ahensya na pagbutihin pa, isaayos at mapaunlad ang kalagayan ng pagkain at wastong nutrisyon upang siguraduhing maihatid ito sa mga kababayan natin sa bansa. -30-

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 11, 2011 at 10:21 am

Ika-32 RCA Meeting ginanap sa bansa

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Idinaos ang tatlong araw na pagtitipon ng Regional Cooperative Agreement (RCA) upang makapag-sagawa ng sama-sama at organisadong pananaliksik, pag-aaral at pati na rin pagsasanay sa larangan ng agham at teknolohiyang pang- nukleyar. Ang RCA ay isang “inter-government agreement’ para sa East Asia and Pacific bilang kabalikat ng International Atomic Energy Agency o IEAE.

Ang RCA National Meeting of Representatives (NRM) ay idinaraos halos taon-taon di lamang para mapag-usapan bagkus ay maaksyunan ang mga isyu tungkol sa nukleyar at ibang paksang may kaugnayan dito. Ang mga bansang Bangladesh , China , Indonesia , Japan , New Zealand at Pilipinas ay ilan lamang sa mga bansang kasapi sa ugnayang nabanggit.

Sa kabilang banda, unang ginanap ang ika-10 RCA Regional Office Standing Advisory Council Meeting (SAC) bago pa man ang NRM na kung saan ang mga mapag-uusapan ay isa sa mga iniuulat sa NRM. Napag-usapan dito ang  ‘effective and successful communication strategy development’, pakikipag-ugnayan ng RCA sa iba’t ibang pandaigdigang ahensya tulad ng UNDP, international funding sources, at magawang mapalawig at mapabilis ang pamamahagi ng impormasyon sa tulong ng internet at iba pang pamamaraan.

Sa ginanap naman na NRM, sa pangunguna ni Dr. Alumanda de la Rosa, Director ng PNRI-DOST at kasalukuyang chairman ng RCA, tinalakay ang paghirang ng bagong chairman ng RCA, at RCA programme para sa mga taong 2009 at 2012, at proyektong pakikipagugnayan sa ibang ahensya tulad ng FNCA, at iba pa.

 
Si Prof. Fortunato T. de la Peña, Undersecretary for S&T Services ang kumatawan kay DOST Secretary Estrella F. Alabastro para sa kanyang keynote speech. Pinasalamatan ng una ang mga delegado ng iba’t ibang bansa at kanyang binanggit na karangalan ng Pilipinas ang ganitong mga pagtitipon. Isa sa kanyang pinagtuunan ng pansin ay ang maaring maging papel ng teknolohiyang nukleyar sa usaoing climate change, pagpapalawig ng teknolohiya sa pagsasaka at pangingisda at iba pa. Bukod pa rito, binati rin niya ang RCA sa mga proyektong nakatutok sa lumalaking isyu ng climate change. Hinikayat din niya na gumawa ng mga stratehiya para sa pananaliksik at maiiayon sa mga inaasahang probisyon ng mga namumuno sa kani-kanilang bansa na maaring maging sagabal sa kanilang panuntunan.

Napag-usapan din dito ang pagdadausan ng susunod na pagpupulong sa Bali, Indonesia sa darating na ika-25 hanggang ika-29 ng Abril taong 2011. -30-

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 10, 2011 at 12:24 pm

DOST suportado ang breastfeeding program sa bansa

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Nilagdaan kamakailan ang Memorandum of Undesrtanding sa pagitan ng Department of Science and Technology sa pamamagitan ng Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD-DOST) at ng Children for Breastfeeding Inc. (CfB) ang malawakang pagsuporta at adbokasiya para sa natural na pagpapasuso sa mga sanggol.

            Pinasinayaan nina DOST Secretary Estrella F. Alabastro, Assistant Secretary Marilou P. Orijola, PCHRD Executive Director Jaime C. Montoya at CfB Founding President, Dr. Elvira L. Henares-Esguerra ang nasabing okasyon na ginanap sa Rizal Hall ng Malacañang.

            Bahagi ng kasunduan ang pagbibigay ng kaukulang pondo sa pananaliksik na kakatawan sa mga polisiya, programa at mga proyekto na sumusuporta sa adhikaing ito. Isa na rito ang mungkahing pag-inom ng Vigin Coconut Oil (VCO) upang mas palakasin ang anti-microbial na katangian ng gatas ng ina laban sa Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria na nagdudulot ng mga sakit sa balat.

            Ayon kay Dr. Montoya, ang pagpapasuso ay napakainam sa mga sanggol maging sa mga ina kaysa sa artipisyal na gatas na nagmula sa hayop. Ito ay nakapagpapalakas ng immune system ng sanggol upang labanan ang mga sakit. Sa ganitong paraan, mabisa ring naililipat ang mga antibodies mula sa isang ina patungo sa sanggol.

            Ang breastfeeding ay isang pangdaigdigang rekomendasyon sa unang anim na buwan mula pagkapanganak ng sanggol tungo sa malusog na pangangatawan.

            Ito rin ay nakapagpapababa ng mga insidente ng pagkakaroon ng mga sakit gaya ng Type 2 Diabetes at ovarian cancer sa mga ina.

            Dagdag pa ni Dr. Montoya na ang mga artificial milk formula ay maaring makapagdulot ng asthma, sakit sa balat at marami pang iba sa mga bata. 

            Samantala, kaakibat ng malawakang breastfeeding program ay ang pagpapakilala sa mga katutubong pagkain na katuwang sa pagpuno ng kakulangan sa nutrisyon ng mga kabataan. Ayon sa presentasyon, ang mga pagkaing gaya ng kamote, malunggay, kasubha, himbabao, bulaklak ng saging, talbos ng kamote, aratilis, amti ng mga taga Norte, saging, okra, munggo at ang brown rice ay mayaman sa calcium na nakapagpapatibay ng buto.

            Ang mga nasabing uri ng pagkain ay hindi lamang masustansya ngunit ito rin ay ligtas sa mga kemikal, madaling itanim, at abot kaya ng bawat Pilipino.   

Ni Joy M. Lazcano

Nilagdaan kamakailan ang Memorandum of Undesrtanding sa pagitan ng Department of Science and Technology sa pamamagitan ng Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD-DOST) at ng Children for Breastfeeding Inc. (CfB) ang malawakang pagsuporta at adbokasiya para sa natural na pagpapasuso sa mga sanggol.

            Pinasinayaan nina DOST Secretary Estrella F. Alabastro, Assistant Secretary Marilou P. Orijola, PCHRD Executive Director Jaime C. Montoya at CfB Founding President, Dr. Elvira L. Henares-Esguerra ang nasabing okasyon na ginanap sa Rizal Hall ng Malacañang.

            Bahagi ng kasunduan ang pagbibigay ng kaukulang pondo sa pananaliksik na kakatawan sa mga polisiya, programa at mga proyekto na sumusuporta sa adhikaing ito. Isa na rito ang mungkahing pag-inom ng Vigin Coconut Oil (VCO) upang mas palakasin ang anti-microbial na katangian ng gatas ng ina laban sa Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria na nagdudulot ng mga sakit sa balat.

            Ayon kay Dr. Montoya, ang pagpapasuso ay napakainam sa mga sanggol maging sa mga ina kaysa sa artipisyal na gatas na nagmula sa hayop. Ito ay nakapagpapalakas ng immune system ng sanggol upang labanan ang mga sakit. Sa ganitong paraan, mabisa ring naililipat ang mga antibodies mula sa isang ina patungo sa sanggol.

            Ang breastfeeding ay isang pangdaigdigang rekomendasyon sa unang anim na buwan mula pagkapanganak ng sanggol tungo sa malusog na pangangatawan.

            Ito rin ay nakapagpapababa ng mga insidente ng pagkakaroon ng mga sakit gaya ng Type 2 Diabetes at ovarian cancer sa mga ina.

            Dagdag pa ni Dr. Montoya na ang mga artificial milk formula ay maaring makapagdulot ng asthma, sakit sa balat at marami pang iba sa mga bata. 

            Samantala, kaakibat ng malawakang breastfeeding program ay ang pagpapakilala sa mga katutubong pagkain na katuwang sa pagpuno ng kakulangan sa nutrisyon ng mga kabataan. Ayon sa presentasyon, ang mga pagkaing gaya ng kamote, malunggay, kasubha, himbabao, bulaklak ng saging, talbos ng kamote, aratilis, amti ng mga taga Norte, saging, okra, munggo at ang brown rice ay mayaman sa calcium na nakapagpapatibay ng buto.

            Ang mga nasabing uri ng pagkain ay hindi lamang masustansya ngunit ito rin ay ligtas sa mga kemikal, madaling itanim, at abot kaya ng bawat Pilipino. -30-

Ni Joy M. Lazcano

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 10, 2011 at 12:23 pm

Aurora tumutok sa mga usaping ‘tubig’

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Kamakailan lamang, ang probinsya ng Aurora ay tila nahiwalay sa mabilis na aksyon ng bansa. Subalit unti-unti nakilala ang probinsya bilang isang pangunahing destinasyon ng mga turista at mamumuhunan. Higit na mahalaga sa mga kagananapang ito ay ang pagkilala sa agham at teknolohiya bilang tagapagsulong ng pag-unlad at pagbabago na itinutulak ni Senador Edgardo J. Angara , tagapangulo ng Senate Committee on Science and Technology. -30-

-Aristotle P. Carandang-

Sa loob ng tatlong araw mula ika-14 hanggang ika-16 ng Mayo 2010, idinaos sa probinsya ng Aurora ang pagpupulong na tinawag na ‘Water W.A.T.C.H.’ o Water Conference for the Wise Adaptation of Technologies for Clean H2O sa makasaysayang bayan ng Baler.

Mahigit isandaang tao mula sa iba’ ibang ahensya at mga grupo na sa buong kapuluan. Pinag-usapan ng mga eksperto ang kalinisan at kaligtasan ng tubig, sa punto ng ‘water supply’ at ‘demand management’. Kasama bar in ditto ang ‘bottled water technologies’ at ang ‘alternative water sources’ tulad ng ‘rainwater harvesting and membrane technologies’. Ninanais ng mga nag-organisa ng kumbensyon na mabuksan ng lubusan ang probinsya ng Aurora sa binanggit nila na ‘proper science and the most relevant technologies for exploring possibilities in water supply and water services investments’.

Tinalakay ni Dr. Leonardo Q. Liongson, propesor mula sa UP Institute of Civil Engineering ang ‘S&T Strategy for Water Supply and Sanitation’ na kung saan ay pinalutang niya ng kahalagahan ng ‘science-based solutions to water and related problems’. 

Ang usaping tinutukan ni Dr. Liongson ay ang ‘review and evaluation of the combined management and utilization of groundwater and surface water resources for municipal, agricultural and industrial supply’. Sinabi rin niya kung bakit dapat maseguro ang pangmatagalang ‘sustainability’ at ‘safe yields’ ganoon na rin pagpigil sa tubig-alat na makapasok sa mga aquifers, ang polustyon sa mga lugar na pinagkukunan ng tubig, at ang tamang pagbabahagi sa mga nangangailangan. Sinabi rin niya na kailangang marebisa ang mga  ‘management practices’ at ‘programs of the natural lakes, swamps and other wetlands for the attainment of environmental water conservation, biodiversity and community-based livelihood’.

Inorganisa ang pagpupulong sa pagtutulungan ng Congressional Commission on Science & Technology and Engineering(COMSTE), na pinamumunuan nina Sen. Edgardo J. Angara at Rep. Joseph Emilio A. Abaya; Aurora Pacific Economic Zone; at Institute of Civil Engineering-UP College of Engineering. Sinabi nila na mahalagang maitulak at makamit ang mga adhikain para sa ‘sustainable water-related programs and infrastructures’ na nakaangkla sa Millennium Development Goals (MGDs). The COMSTE ay may mandato na magrebisa at mag-aral sa estado o kalagayan ng bansa sa larangan ng ‘S&T competitiveness’ at “Engineering research and development systems’ sa bansa. Ito rin ay inaatasang maghatid ng mga stratehiyang nakabase sa agham at teknolohiya na magagamit sa pagtutulak ng tamang desisyon.

Ayon sa mga nag-organisa ng programa na si Senador Angara, na tubong Baler, Aurora kasama na ang local na pamahalaan ng probinsya na idinaos ang pagtitipon sa lugar na ito upang matulungan ang kanilang lugar na makaakit ng mga mamumuhunan para sa mga serbisyong patubig. Nilalayon din nila na higit pang mapakinabangan ang yamang tubig ng Aurora para sa malinis at ligtas na tubig hindi lamang para sa buong probinsya kundi maging sa mga kalapit bayan pati na rin ang taga Maynila.

Kamakailan lamang, ang probinsya ng Aurora ay tila nahiwalay sa mabilis na aksyon ng bansa. Subalit unti-unti nakilala ang probinsya bilang isang pangunahing destinasyon ng mga turista at mamumuhunan. Higit na mahalaga sa mga kagananapang ito ay ang pagkilala sa agham at teknolohiya bilang tagapagsulong ng pag-unlad at pagbabago na itinutulak ni Senador Edgardo J. Angara , tagapangulo ng Senate Committee on Science and Technology.

 

Sa loob ng tatlong araw mula ika-14 hanggang ika-16 ng Mayo 2010, idinaos sa probinsya ng Aurora ang pagpupulong na tinawag na ‘Water W.A.T.C.H.’ o Water Conference for the Wise Adaptation of Technologies for Clean H2O sa makasaysayang bayan ng Baler.

 

Mahigit isandaang tao mula sa iba’ ibang ahensya at mga grupo na sa buong kapuluan. Pinag-usapan ng mga eksperto ang kalinisan at kaligtasan ng tubig, sa punto ng ‘water supply’ at ‘demand management’. Kasama bar in ditto ang ‘bottled water technologies’ at ang ‘alternative water sources’ tulad ng ‘rainwater harvesting and membrane technologies’. Ninanais ng mga nag-organisa ng kumbensyon na mabuksan ng lubusan ang probinsya ng Aurora sa binanggit nila na ‘proper science and the most relevant technologies for exploring possibilities in water supply and water services investments’.

 

Tinalakay ni Dr. Leonardo Q. Liongson, propesor mula sa UP Institute of Civil Engineering ang ‘S&T Strategy for Water Supply and Sanitation’ na kung saan ay pinalutang niya ng kahalagahan ng ‘science-based solutions to water and related problems’. 

 

Ang usaping tinutukan ni Dr. Liongson ay ang ‘review and evaluation of the combined management and utilization of groundwater and surface water resources for municipal, agricultural and industrial supply’. Sinabi rin niya kung bakit dapat maseguro ang pangmatagalang ‘sustainability’ at ‘safe yields’ ganoon na rin pagpigil sa tubig-alat na makapasok sa mga aquifers, ang polustyon sa mga lugar na pinagkukunan ng tubig, at ang tamang pagbabahagi sa mga nangangailangan. Sinabi rin niya na kailangang marebisa ang mga  ‘management practices’ at ‘programs of the natural lakes, swamps and other wetlands for the attainment of environmental water conservation, biodiversity and community-based livelihood’.

 

Inorganisa ang pagpupulong sa pagtutulungan ng Congressional Commission on Science & Technology and Engineering(COMSTE), na pinamumunuan nina Sen. Edgardo J. Angara at Rep. Joseph Emilio A. Abaya; Aurora Pacific Economic Zone; at Institute of Civil Engineering-UP College of Engineering. Sinabi nila na mahalagang maitulak at makamit ang mga adhikain para sa ‘sustainable water-related programs and infrastructures’ na nakaangkla sa Millennium Development Goals (MGDs). The COMSTE ay may mandato na magrebisa at mag-aral sa estado o kalagayan ng bansa sa larangan ng ‘S&T competitiveness’ at “Engineering research and development systems’ sa bansa. Ito rin ay inaatasang maghatid ng mga stratehiyang nakabase sa agham at teknolohiya na magagamit sa pagtutulak ng tamang desisyon.

 

Ayon sa mga nag-organisa ng programa na si Senador Angara, na tubong Baler, Aurora kasama na ang local na pamahalaan ng probinsya na idinaos ang pagtitipon sa lugar na ito upang matulungan ang kanilang lugar na makaakit ng mga mamumuhunan para sa mga serbisyong patubig. Nilalayon din nila na higit pang mapakinabangan ang yamang tubig ng Aurora para sa malinis at ligtas na tubig hindi lamang para sa buong probinsya kundi maging sa mga kalapit bayan pati na rin ang taga Maynila.

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 10, 2011 at 12:21 pm

RP now has tech transfer law, DOST lauds passage

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A proposed bill that seeks to roll out mature and potentially important technologies generated by government-funded researches to the market was finally enacted into law recently after almost three years into legislation.

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Republic Act 10055, otherwise known as “An Act Providing the Framework and Support System for the Ownership, Management, Use, and Commercialization of Intellectual Property Generated from Research and Development Funded by Government and for Other Purposes” or the  “Philippine Technology Transfer Act of 2009” into a full fledged national statute on March 23 at the Malacañan Palace. The new law is expected to serve as the blueprint for a nationally coordinated technology transfer framework of government-funded researches.

Department of Science and Technology Secretary Estrella Alabastro said that the whole science community is overwhelmed with this development.

“We are optimistic that this new law, a landmark policy on technology transfer will revolutionize the commercialization of technologies generated by researches funded by taxpayer’s money,” Sec. Alabastro said.

The enactment came after Congress approved in December 2009 the Senate version, Senate Bill 3416, authored by Sen. Edgardo J. Angara and co-authored by Senators Manuel Roxas II and Loren Legarda.  Senators Pia Cayetano, Gregorio Honasan, Panfilo Lacson, Aquilino Pimentel, Jinggoy Estrada and Juan Miguel Zubiri also served as co-sponsors.     

At the House of Representatives, Cavite 1st District Rep. Joseph Emilio A. Abaya was at the forefront of the Bill’s passage and served as its principal author. Angara and Abaya chair the Committees on Science and Technology at the Senate and House of Representatives, respectively.

Speaking at PCARRD (Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development) recently, Sec. Alabastro expressed optimism of the law’s merit in uptaking technologies to the market as well as preventing brain drain and out migration of S&T professionals, and encouraging students to pursue R&D studies.

A key provision in the law provides for incentives to researchers by according them share in the royalties as well as allowing them put up their own start up companies. 

The law was Sec. Alabastro’s brainchild, having recognized the need for a national backbone and framework that would push technology generation and application to its maximum potential through efficient and coordinated transfer capability and intellectual property assertions around the country, similar to the Bayh-Dole Act in the US .

The S&T czar also lauded President Arroyo and Congress for taking into account such a much-needed legislation for the science and technology sector.

Alabastro explained that taking advantage of the new law would hasten the process of technology commercialization and broadens the scope of protection of intellectual property rights in government RDIs.

“For the longest time, we rely mostly on breakthroughs from outside, while our local technologies generated through public funds remain untapped or archived in laboratories around the country. Hence, this is a significant break for us to roll this out to the market and be availed by the public,” she added.

Once fully in place, the new law is expected to provide the mechanism to allow important technologies to be commercialized and be made available to the public.

Dr. Patricio S. Faylon, PCARRD Executive Director, meanwhile expressed elation with this development. He described this as a leap for the inter-agency policy advocacy collaboration and a feat in the Council’s policy development and advocacy mandate relating to S&T development.

PCARRD, the central planning council of DOST in the agriculture, forestry and natural resources has led the Department’s efforts in the Bill’s legislative advocacy and public awareness activities since 2006.

Meanwhile, the technical and financial support given by the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) of the Philippines , DOST Planning and Evaluation Service, and DOST councils and institutes were instrumental in the legislative advocacy of the law.  Currently, DOST and IPO are preparing the basis for the Act’s implementing rules and regulation (IRR).  -30-

By Edge Ganciagan

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 10, 2011 at 12:16 pm

MIRDC upgrades facilities to strengthen fire prevention

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Fires caused by liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinder have been quite common in the country. From 1995 to 2000, the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) reported a total of 1,475 LPG-caused fire incidents throughout the country. From 2004 to 2008, BFP again recorded 756 fires caused by LPG tank explosions.

According to the LPG Association of the Philippines , half of the 12 million LPG tanks in the country today are not fit for public use. The group also estimates that out of the six million unfit LPG tanks, three million are for scrapping and could no longer be fixed. Another three million are for requalification or for inspection and certification by concerned government agencies

An LPG tank explodes and causes fire when it has considerable leak. This leak, which may emanate from the hose or from the burner, bursts once the LPG is ignited.  Thus, ensuring the safety of LPG cylinders becomes of utmost importance in preventing fire, particularly in high density household areas.

The Metals Industry Research and Development Center (MIRDC), an ISO/IEC 17025 accredited laboratory by the Department of Trade and Industry’s Philippine Accreditation Office (PAO), has upgraded its fire prevention facilities to address the growing problem on LPG-related fires.          Among the tests conducted by MIRDC on LPG cylinders are radiographic, tension and bending, and bursting. 

The radiographic testing detects internal welding defects of the weld joint portion of the LPG cylinder.  It is exposed to radiation with attached film using an industrial X-ray of 300 kVA capacity. 

Tension testing involves determining the tensile properties of both materials and weld joints (tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation) using test samples machined to specified dimensions, while bend testing determines ductility of the weld joint.  Both tests are done using a Universal Testing Machine (UTM). 

Meanwhile, in the bursting test, the finished LPG cylinder is subjected to a very high pressure using a hydraulic system.  A burst testing equipment is used to prove that the LPG cylinder will not rapture up to at least four times its designed pressure.

These testing processes employed by the MIRDC are in accordance with the Philippine National Standard (PNS).

LPG cylinders require mandatory certification issued by DTI’s Bureau of Product Standards (BPS) for local manufacturers and importers.  The local manufacturers are required to secure Product Safety (PS) mark, while importers have to secure the Import Commodity Clearance (ICC).

Recently, MIRDC’s facilities and expertise in providing technical requirements were featured in ABS-CBN’s morning television program Umagang Kay Ganda in collaboration with the DTI-BPS. -30-

By Marlyn Ramones

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 10, 2011 at 12:15 pm

New directors appointed

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K+E+T+D+P = Juan S. Reyes Jr., new FMS-DOST director

K+E+T+D+P is an equation. Just add all the variables and the result is success. And Juan S. Reyes Jr. solved that equation with flying colors making him the new Director of the Finance and Management Service-Department of Science and Technology (FMS-DOST).

Jun, as he fondly called by his peers, recently assumed the title Director IV of the FMS. In simple rites during the DOST Management Committee Meeting on 08 March 2010 at the Philvolcs Auditorium, Quezon City , he was sworn in by DOST Secretary Estrella F. Alabastro.

For more than three years, Reyes was the Officer-in-Charge of the FMS office of the director and held various positions within the organization. His selection as FMS Director was an example that “knowledge + experience + training + determination + potentials” is an equation that when solved properly is equal to success.

Reyes has packed in 16 years of dedicated service to DOST. He was the Officer-in-Charge of the Budget Division during his first seven years in the FMS- DOST. Later, he was promoted to the position of Chief Administrative Officer (Management and Audit Analyst V) of the Management Division, FMS-DOS. He was subsequently named OIC of the Accounting Division-FMS and, concurrently, OIC of the FMS.

            Reyes, a Certified Public Accountant, earned his Bachelor of Business Administration at the University of the East. He was a DOST scholar when he obtained his Master in Business Administration from the Polytechnic University of the Philippines .

            A low-profile worker, Reyes silently and dedicatedly discharged his roles and became a member of a number of working committees within the DOST system, helping him gain familiarity of various financial and administrative transactions. In the course of his service to the system, Reyes has gained extensive knowledge and understanding of the different phases of financial management. In fact, he was also assigned for some time in the Internal Audit System.

His experiences as State Auditor at the Commission on Audit and as Accounting Supervisor in a private firm were strong foundations for his success.

            On professional affiliations, Jun Reyes is a member of various professional organizations such as the Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA), Government Association of Certified Public Accountants (GACPA), Association of Government Internal Auditors (AGIA), Association of Government Accountants of the Philippines (AGAP), Philippine Association of Government Budget Administrators (PAGBA), SIKAT DOST Employees Union, and DOST Employees Association.

Edgar I. Garcia: Meticulous multi-tasking expert is new TAPI director

Always referred to as the meticulous multi-tasking expert by those who had worked with him, Engr. Edgar I. Garcia’s dynamicity helped him move his way to the top post of the Technology Application and Promotion Institute-Department of Science and Technology (TAPI-DOST). He was appointed as Director by Secretary Estrella F. Alabastro on March 22, 2010.

Director Garcia, Egay to his friends, has an extra-ordinary ability as a team player, with exceptional knowledge in technology transfer and commercialization programs. His dedication and desire to acquire advanced managerial skills and modern strategies prove to be his weapon in his for perfection.

            A graduate of Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering at the National University in 1978, Engr. Garcia went to University of the Philippines Diliman for higher studies where he obtained his Master of Statistics degree in 1986. He was recipient of Certificate of Merits as College Scholar. In 1989, he received his Postgraduate Diploma in Chemical Engineering from the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo , Japan where he was a research fellow of the UNESCO and Ministry of Education and Culture of Japan (MONBUSHIO). At present, he is completing his PhD in Food Science at the University of the Philippines Diliman with all academic courses completed.

Engr. Garcia joined the DOST system in 1979 at the Food and Nutrition Research Institute then joined TAPI in 1992 as Senior Science Research Specialist. He became Supervising SRS in 2004  then rose to becoming Chief SRS in 2007. Since then he has acted on various and concurrent capacities within the Institute as officer-in-charge of the Office of the Deputy Director and the Office of the Director.

As a science worker, Engr. Garcia has written and published a number of country paper reports and technical papers. Undoubtedly, he is one civil servant who upholds excellence, possessing strong analytical skills in various fields and the ability to relate to peers on policy issues on science and technology.

Aware of the importance of education and mentoring, Engr. Garcia continues to be part of the academic community as a part-time lecturer at the Polytechnic University of the Philippines (1987 to present) and the Technological University of the Philippines (1981 to present) where he teaches food science courses, Calculus, Statistics, and Analytic Geometry to undergraduate technical and engineering students. (Josephine Darm, Michelle Sulit, Aileen Casa, STII, S&T Media Service)

Engr.  Art Cruz: Moving up the ladder

By Joy M. Lazcano (STII) and Marlyn Ramones (MIRDC)

S&T Media Service

Bringing the Metals Industry Research and Development Center to new heights is not new to this man who had a long time romance with the industry since his younger days. Engr. Artur Lucas D. Cruz, registered mechanical engineer,  was appointed Executive Director of the MIRDC by DOST Secretary Estrella F. Alabastro on March 22, 2010.

Engr. Cruz started as Junior Methods Engineer at MIRD in 1977, and then rose up to Division Chief, Department Manager, and Director II, until he was promoted as Deputy Executive Director III of the Office of the Deputy Executive Director for Research and Operations.  He served as MIRDC Officer-in-Charge from 04 March 2009 until his assumption to the top position of the Center.

Cruz, a holder of a Career Executive Officer (CEO) IV rank, is one of the few people who rose from the ranks. In fact, he started his mechanical career as a helper in a small mechanical shop in Angeles, Pampanga in 1975 but was later hired as instructor at the National University where he took his BS in Mechanical Engineer. He obtained his MBA from the San Sebastian College in 1977.

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 10, 2011 at 12:13 pm

DOST support makes local crops work for Abra folks

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Folks from Abra need not look far to search for materials for their business. Most of them can simply check out what’s in their backyard.

“We have plenty of bamboos in our backyard,” says Carlo Balneg, an entrepreneur from Bumagcat, Tayum, Abra. Balneg shares that he has been trained from childhood to work on various crafts out of bamboo. “My father used to own this shop,” he adds, referring to the shop that now bears his name, with a sizeable 20 x 30 production area for placemats and 10×10 for other products.

The shop started as a decrepit tent with crude and definitely outdated tools. Balneg was able to improve production by undergoing trainings and doing some research on design trends. Radical changes came when his application to the Department of Science and Technology’s Small and Medium Enterprises Technology Upgrading Program (DOST-SETUP) was approved, following his father’s hand-over of the shop to him. Through a loan worth P375,000 granted last year, Balneg was able to buy various machines and tools to make his business flourish like the bamboos in his backyard.

From manual procedures, his jump into technology has made bamboocrafting much easier. Technology enabled him to make the bamboos in equal length, width, and thickness – with a smooth finished surface – easier, faster and better.

“It’s good that I previously trained in assembling and operating machines, even in mixing paint,” he tells. “Through SETUP’s support, I was able to put all my trainings in practice.” Some of the new equipment he acquired through SETUP include three-in-one machine (circular saw, jointer and thicknesser), tables saw, bench drill, miter saw, and many others. Some were fabricated to suit his requirements.

During this visit, Balneg’s 140 workers were all busy working to meet their target of 36,000 pieces of placemats ordered by a foreign-based client. His other bamboo products – such as folding tables, bamboo trays, and others – also have good market share.

At 30, Balneg bagged the 2009 Sipag at Tyaga Award (provincial level) and was finalist in the One Town, One Product national level. He was also honored as one of the two Most Inspiring CAR Micro Entrepreneurs at the Teen Negosyo Edition III in Baguio City in 2008.

Balneg is thankful that bamboos are abundant in Abra, which is good for his business. He is aware that depleting bamboos will not only be bad for his business but also for the environment. Thus, as his way of ensuring the continuous supply of raw materials, he encourages his suppliers of raw materials to plant or replenish their bamboo plantations.

Vegetables in noodles

When he saw on TV about a new product called squash canton, Arturo Talledo of Mudiit, Dolores, Abra could not contain his excitement. “There are plenty of squash in Abra, so I know I would not run out of ingredients,” he gushes.

He trained under DOST’s Food and Nutrition Research Institute to learn the basics of vegetable noodle production. Finally, he added squash and malunggay noodles to his main product, flour-based miki.  “It was difficult at the start because my workers used manual procedures,” he admits. But since squash and malunggay were aplenty in Abra, he went on with production.

Informed by FNRI of the SETUP program, he immediately applied, knowing that technology will help improve his production.

Soon he was awarded with a P200,000 loan from SETUP which he used to buy equipment such as noodle machine, dough mixer, and dryer. The dough mixer enabled Talledo’s workers to efficiently and quickly knead large quantities of dough while the noodle machine cut the kneaded flour into noodle strands of equal size faster than any human can. The dryer enabled Talledo to dry up the noodles, rain or shine, and have them ready for packing in a few hours.

“Thanks to technology, both my production and income doubled,” he shares. On regular days, Talledo’s Miki Commercial produces 175 kilos of noodles. He now has six full-time workers plus some on-call helpers. Moreover, his previously backyard business now has a building of its own.

FNRI also helped Talledo in designing his packaging, using materials that give enough protection to his noodles and visual design that attract buyers. He also gets regular technical advice from DOST.

“I am going into camote noodle production soon,” he revealed as he glimpsed at an area in his backyard which, expectedly, was teeming with lush, leafy camote.

Sugarcane’s sweet-sour prospects

Lorma Azurin of Agtangao, Abra first thought that vinegar would bring her family the extra income it needs out of the sugarcane, planted as an alternate crop, in her backyard. But DOST-Abra’s Menandro Buenafe and Alice Balacua had other ideas: Why not expand her product into basi, a local wine made of sugarcane, and muscovado?

Azurin realized that indeed there was more to sugarcane than vinegar. Through DOST’s Grant-In-Aid, she was able to attend trainings to help her in producing high-quality basi and muscovado. DOST also helped her firm A&C Enterprises in the initial printing of packaging for the sugarcaneproducts, as well as in installing a rice hull furnace for muscovado production.

Soon the sweet basi and muscovado, as well as the sour vinegar, gained followings and market. A&C Enterprises sugarcane products soon became a familiar sight in Bangued market.

“One thing about our products,” Azurin pitched, “is that they are 100 percent organic. No chemical fertilizer was applied.”

Projects in the pipeline

For 2010, DOST-Abra has lined up 10 projects for SETUP funding and nine for GIA funding, according to Buenafe, Provincial Science and Technology Director for Abra. And yes, most of the firms used materials and crops that are endemic to Abra.

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 10, 2011 at 12:09 pm

2010: INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF BIODIVERSITY

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The United Nations proclaimed 2010 as the International Year of Biodiversity (IYB).  The celebration’s theme is “Biodiversity is life.  Biodiversity is our life.”   With this, people all over the world are working to safeguard the vast irreplaceable natural wealth and lessen biodiversity loss. 

IYB is an initiative of the United Nations Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) which aims to raise public awareness on the importance of biodiversity and the consequences of its loss.  It will also promote the engagement of the public and other sectors for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity.  Successes in realizing the target of achieving a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010 will also be celebrated this year.

The International Year of Biodiversity is an opportune time to increase the awareness and understanding of the importance of biodiversity in sustaining life on earth.

But first, we have to know what biodiversity is and its importance before we can fully work towards its protection and conservation.  Only a small portion of Southeast Asia ’s over 500 million people know what biodiversity means.

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity covers the full range of ecosystems, their component species, and the genetic variety of those species produced by nature or through human intervention. The world grows, moves, changes and reproduces, from the smallest to the largest, because of biodiversity. 

Importance of Biodiversity

As food source.  Biodiversity is the web of life.  It is where we get the food we eat. Nature provides the plant and animal resources for our food. Biodiversity makes an essential contribution to feeding the world by providing fish, pork, beef, grains, and fruits for nutrition to people all over the world. 

According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, “of the 7,000 species of plants that have been domesticated over the 10,000-year history of agriculture, only 30 percent account for the cast majority of the food we eat every day.

As medicinal source.  A wide range of medicinal resources and pharmaceutical drugs come from biodiversity. Plants, particularly the herbs, have been known to have preventive, curative and therapeutic properties.  Using plants and animals as medicinal sources have been practiced by our forefathers millions of years ago. 

If we do not work to prevent the fast and continued loss of our biodiversity, we will be losing around 13 million hectares of its forest cover each year.  If this happens, we would have a hard time developing better kinds of medicine to cure both existing and emerging illnesses.

As source of livelihood.   The economy of millions of people depends on biodiversity as a source of livelihood.  Income-generating industries such as agriculture, fisheries, and forestry rely on biodiversity. 

There are also livelihood opportunities from ecotourism.  Nature is being “sold” to tourists, encouraging an alternative means to travel, learn and appreciate our environment.   The involvement of local communities makes them active stakeholders which prompt them to protect biodiversity while benefiting from the income that eco-tourism provides for.

 

As protection.  The ecological goods that biodiversity provides are the clean air we breathe, the potable water we drink, and the lands that we till from which our food comes from.  The thick forests protect us from the harmful effects of the sun and from floods.

We have to be grateful to biodiversity for helping us recover from natural phenomena such as the La Niña and El Niño by providing elements required to cope with the changes that these phenomena has brought.   

Our present state

 

Our planet’s natural resources – the plants, animals and other species – are being lost at unprecedented rates due to deforestation, uncontrolled mining, rampant wildlife hunting, endless land conversion, and other destructive human activities.

The number of genetic resources has dropped, and this is blamed to the world’s overall rising temperature.  Significant changes in planting season have been noticed.  Floods have become worse, claiming many lives, properties, and biodiversity.  Our water tributaries are fast drying up, thus greatly reducing our sources of food.

We do not want to reach the state of extinction — the permanent effect of losing biodiversity. 

What we can do: An Imperative and Collective Act

It is not yet too late.  Let us do our part in working towards the conservation and protection of our biodiversity.  Each one of us has an important role to play in saving our biodiversity.  In our own little ways, we can reduce the use of non-biodegradable materials in our day-to-day living.  We can conserve and use water wisely and sparingly. 

Other tips:  recycle and segregate our wastes, practice and promote organic farming, use compost as fertilizer and organic substances as pesticides, adopt vermiculture and promote intercropping, and help clean our seas, rivers and waterways. 

Let us save and protect biodiversity.  By this, we are also saving and protecting mankind. -30-

By Madeleine V. Ricafrente

Written by tuklasinnatin

January 10, 2011 at 12:07 pm

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